Received: 05th October 2021; Revised: 14th March 2022, 06th May 2022; Accepted: 09th May 2022


  • Jayden Wei Jie Ang Lecturer, School of Applied Science, Nanyang Polytechnic, Singapore
  • Lilian Qiau He Huang Senior Lecturer, School of Applied Science, Nanyang Polytechnic, Singapore
  • Yin Ni Annie Ng Specialist (T&L) & Senior Lecturer, School of Applied Science, Nanyang Polytechnic, Singapore



Phenomenon-Based Learning, Social Media, Motivation, Educational Design Research, Instagram


The use of Instagram in education consists of technological, educational, and social affordance. Despite positive reports on using social media for learning, there are no reports on using Instagram as a teaching tool in phenomenon-based learning (PhenoBL) for engineering and science courses. This study seeks to understand students’ motivation and perception and their perceived learning outcomes using Instagram for PhenoBL. The findings provided empirical evidence that students had a positive perception of the Instagram activity and were motivated to complete the activity, leading to a positive learning outcome. Through these findings, good practices of using Instagram in PhenoBL to provide better learning motivation and perception in engineering and science courses were proposed.


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How to Cite

Ang, J. W. J., Huang, L. Q. H., & Ng, Y. N. A. (2022). INSTAGRAM AS A TOOL IN PHENOMENON-BASED LEARNING: AN EDUCATIONAL DESIGN RESEARCH: Received: 05th October 2021; Revised: 14th March 2022, 06th May 2022; Accepted: 09th May 2022. PUPIL: International Journal of Teaching, Education and Learning, 6(1), 322–341.