PUPIL: International Journal of Teaching, Education and Learning https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/PUPIL <p><strong>ISSN</strong> <strong>2457-0648</strong></p> Global Research & Development Services Publishing en-US PUPIL: International Journal of Teaching, Education and Learning 2457-0648 <p><strong>Copyright of Published Articles</strong></p> <p>Author(s) retain the article copyright and publishing rights without any restrictions.</p> <p><a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/" rel="license"><img src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a></p> <p>This work is licensed under a <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License</a>.</p> ONLINE LEARNING DIFFICULTIES AS IMPACT OF COVID-19 IN INDONESIA https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/PUPIL/article/view/2119 <p><em>This article aims to analyze student learning difficulties while online learning during the Covid-19 pandemic. The covers the characteristics of high school students learning difficulties in online learning during the Covid-19 pandemic, factors causing learning difficulties during online learning, and student efforts to overcome learning difficulties during online learning. The method is used the literature review method sourced from books on learning difficulties, and the latest research articles on learning difficulties and the impact of online learning during the pandemic. The results showed that the learning difficulties during online learning during the pandemic, namely understanding the material that was less than optimal due to limited interaction with the teacher, the task load given to students in each subject with a short time impact on physical, emotional, cognitive, and mental fatigue. lose students' motivation to learn and made them prone to experience boredom, stress, anxiety, and worries about the future. This can be attributed to students’ lack of effective learning strategies in doing teacher-assigned tasks and lack of effort to understand teacher-provided materials. The benefit of this study is to provide an overview of the learning difficulties experienced by students during online learning while the Covid-19 pandemic.</em></p> Yanti Nur’amalia Mamat Supriatna . Ilfiandra Copyright (c) 2023 Yanti Nur’amalia, Mamat Supriatna, . Ilfiandra https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-01-23 2023-01-23 6 3 48 56 10.20319/pijtel.2023.63.4856 DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES IN TEACHING CONDUCTING https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/PUPIL/article/view/2082 <p class="Standard" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%;"><em><span lang="EN-GB">The objective of this paper was to invent a digital technology, that could be used in a simple way in online conducting classes, throughout specialized education of students at universities. Transition to remote teaching due to Covid-19 pandemic has highlighted the gap in this field. This article presents a concept of using a specialised software, that is mapping in a 3D space and analysing the movement of human body in real time. The software combines two images provided by the cameras installed in a smartphone and a computer. Common presence of laptops and smartphones in human life makes it possible to omit the costs of buying specialised equipment. The technology was researched with professors and students involved, to verify: software stability, level of detail in the rendered movements of the virtual conductor after mapping the professors, understandability of the commands given to the students, students’ performance in the tasks and the threshold above which the software was recognising moves of an individual as correct. Described software is constantly being developed and adapted to meet the needs of a new user, which may give future opportunities to use it also for other educational or non-educational purposes. </span></em></p> Adam Rosiński Copyright (c) 2023 Adam Rosiński https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-01-03 2023-01-03 6 3 57 67 10.20319/pijtel.2023.63.5767 BUILDING DATA MARTS IN TEACHING MANAGEMENT: A CASE STUDY IN CENTER FOR HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/PUPIL/article/view/2040 <p><em>This research is a series of researches with the theme Smart-Pusdiklat in the environment of State Cyber and Crypto Agency (BSSN). The locus chosen is the Human Resources Development Center (Pusbang) which is a subset of BSSN. Pusbang is a supporting element of the duties and functions of BSSN, which has the task of carrying out functional position coaching, and developing human resource competencies in the field of cyber security. The research question expressed is how to make leaders at Pusbang and stakeholders can make more comprehensive and fast decisions in managing institutions with the help of data warehouses. The researcher conducted a projection to build a data warehouse, which was then focused on becoming a specific data mart, and explained how users could access it for teaching management purposes at Pusbang. This research uses exploratory research methods with a qualitative approach. This method is intended to try a new phenomenon that may not have been before. This is the novelty value of this study. Researcher project the construction of 4 (four) data marts, namely JFKamsiber, References, Lecturer profiles, and Alumni data mart. Where this can make it easier for users to analyze, report and mine data in teaching management.</em></p> Firman Suprijandoko Copyright (c) 2022 Firman Suprijandoko https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-11-15 2022-11-15 6 3 1 14 10.20319/pijtel.2022.63.0114 A MISMATCH OF IDEALS: THE AILS OF ENGLISH EDUCATION POLICY IN SOUTH KOREA https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/PUPIL/article/view/2089 <p><em>Despite several modifications in English education policy over many years in South Korea, there seems to be no discernable improvement in language ability. This problem has been investigated empirically by researchers domestically and internationally, with no consensus as to the underlying issue. This paper attempts to pivot the discussion to a more philosophical position by approaching the issue from a policy viewpoint. The overall aims of education, foreign language learning aims, as well as South Korea’s relationship with English education is examined. The fundamental concern is the mismatch between how society views English to how English education policy is enacted. Specific suggestions are then made regarding the ways in which policy makers can adjust their approaches to meet the needs of societal expectations of English proficiency. It is hoped that from a narrowing of insight from the macro-view of education at large to the specific problem in Korea will lead to changes in policy for the better.</em></p> Michael P Simon Copyright (c) 2022 Michael P Simon https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-11-15 2022-11-15 6 3 15 28 10.20319/pijtel.2022.63.1528 EFFECT OF LANGUAGE! LIVE CURRICULUM ON U.S. MIDDLE SCHOOL STUDENTS’ LEXILE SCORES BASED ON GRADE LEVEL AND DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/PUPIL/article/view/2000 <p><em>The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the effect of the Language Live! reading intervention on reading comprehension (Lexile level) in a sample of middle school students from the United States (N = 133) who were deemed ineffective readers. Students were either in the Strategic Group (i.e., reading comprehension below one grade level, n = 71) or the Intensive Group (i.e., reading comprehension below two grade levels, n = 62). Due to the severity of their reading difficulties, students in each group received a different reading curriculum. The grade x treatment type interaction was not significant. Nevertheless, the treatment type main effect suggested that students in the Strategic Group outperformed students in the Intensive Group regarding Lexile level proficiency, and the grade level main effect showed that the lowest Lexile level was evident in 6<sup>th</sup> grade while the highest was among 8<sup>th</sup> grade. Findings indicated the utility of the Language Live! educational intervention for struggling readers.</em></p> Antonio P Gutierrez de Blume Lina B Soares Ashley Snyder Copyright (c) 2022 Antonio P Gutierrez de Blume, Lina B Soares, Ashley Snyder https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-11-15 2022-11-15 6 3 29 47 10.20319/pijtel.2022.63.2947