PUPIL: International Journal of Teaching, Education and Learning https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/PUPIL <p><strong>ISSN</strong> <strong>2457-0648</strong></p> Global Research & Development Services Publishing en-US PUPIL: International Journal of Teaching, Education and Learning 2457-0648 <p><strong>Copyright of Published Articles</strong></p> <p>Author(s) retain the article copyright and publishing rights without any restrictions.</p> <p><a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/" rel="license"><img src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a></p> <p>This work is licensed under a <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License</a>.</p> EXAMINING INTERRELATED DRIVING FORCES FOR SUSTAINABLE SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/PUPIL/article/view/2318 <p><em>This research is part of a comprehensive project whose goal is to analyze and activate the interconnected elements within the education system that foster student empowerment in the Sultanate of Oman. The project proposed that sustained enhancements in the education system hinge on a collection of interlinked subsystems or factors that collectively boost overall school performance and student learning (Osman, 2023). The primary aim of this investigation was to scrutinize the interrelated elements capable of expanding the educational environment and contributing to long-lasting improvements in schools. The study adopted a descriptive-analytical approach, combining both qualitative and quantitative data analysis techniques. The study's sample comprised 110 educators and administrators from the participating experimental schools. The results indicate that the 13 factors examined in the proposed model make significant contributions to viable school improvement. Nevertheless, the importance of these factors varies from one to another. Based on these findings, it can be argued that activating all interrelated elements within the education system is imperative for achieving enduring improvements in student learning over time. Therefore, it is crucial to systemically enhance the performance of all interconnected factors within the education system.</em></p> Mohamed El Tahir Osman Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-15 2024-03-15 8 1 01 16 10.20319/pijtel.2024.81.0116 THE VARIETY OF PROBLEMS IN JAPANESE STUDENTS’ HYPOTHETICAL PREMISE CONSTRUCTIONS https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/PUPIL/article/view/2356 <p><em>Among the foundations of critical thinking i</em><em>n EFL is</em><em> the </em><em>ability of language learners to be able to express their views in terms of predictions and outcomes. It is all the more important in science universities such as the institution where the author teaches</em><em>. </em><em>Nine Japanese first-year university students in Japan, participated in a study involving </em><em>a</em><em>n extended </em><em>experiential learning project, using physical objects and observable phenomena. </em><em>While students’ general use of premise and conclusion markers markedly improved, problems in their construction of hypothetical premises persisted. I will discuss the types of problems and offer explanations for why these problems continue to occur, and I will suggest ways in which instruction on hypothetical premise construction may be improved.</em></p> David A. Gann Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-15 2024-03-15 8 1 17 26 10.20319/pijtel.2024.81.1726 USING THE LOCAL HERITAGE IN MUSICAL EDUCATION TO PRODUCE CREATIVITY: MOROCCAN CHILD MUSIC AS A MODEL https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/PUPIL/article/view/2342 <p><em>Nowadays, practical scientific studies penetrate all fields of science to develop and advance them, especially education sciences. From this point of view, and based on the fact that Morocco is striving to achieve progress at the level of its global classification concerning the quality of education and attention giving into its human and immaterial capital, there is a fundamental necessity of adopting a preventive treatment plan based on scientific research to preserve the intangible heritage and its exploitation in the development and construction of the generation of tomorrow's Morocco. This research focuses, through a set of scientific methods, on studying the impact of using the digitized musical heritage of the child in order to influence levels of creativity and academic achievement in primary schools with fragile social and economic backgrounds. A multi-scientific approach was chosen for this study, which embraced creativity under two different perspectives: one of creativity as a product and the other of creativity as a process. The methods used to explore the problem were quantitative, in the form of a standardized test of creativity and analysis of score averages, combined with descriptive observation. The results show a positive correlation between the technical research program and the improvement of creative cognitive skills in the Moroccan primary school. However, the results of the quantitative creativity test left some questions about the relationship of the use of arts in education and academic achievement. Creativity has proven that it can be understood more systematically when examined in the context of the creative process. Finally, the current research has led to several points of discussion and recommendations for future research.</em></p> Omar El Blidi Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-15 2024-03-15 8 1 27 34 10.20319/pijtel.2024.81.2734 PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF PRIORITY BASED MEMORY BALANCING TECHNIQUES IN IOT USING MACHINE LEARNING https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/PUPIL/article/view/2357 <p><em>Mostly the term unanimous would be more apt to coin as Internet of Things to be most promising technology which has grown many inner branches like Internet of Medical Things and so on. Managing or maintaining of storage of the IoT based components gets crucial for work over of pace for handling along with reaction of selected gadgets. The manuscript supports Priority Based Memory or Storage Balancing (PBMB) procedure in successful treatment of storage to work on the pace of reaction of the actuator gadgets. The memory adjusting plan is based upon successive AI calculation that breaks down the occasional way of behaving of the device in dealing with demands. In view of the examination, the accessible memory space is designated and liberated for getting demands and putting away data. The growing experience is convinced through time-subordinate transmission conduct perceptions. The utilized memory leads technique works in a flexible manner for changing time-essential and non-concede merciful applications by restricting storing and access delay at the device level. The proposed methodology is intended to restrict memory misuse, organization delay and to assemble of the solicitation handling rates.</em></p> S. M. Shamsheer Daula G. Amjad Khan G. Ramesh M. Madhusudhan Reddy Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-15 2024-03-15 8 1 35 46 10.20319/pijtel.2024.81.3546 MITIGATING COGNITIVE CHALLENGES FACED BY TEACHERS OF ENGLISH IN TEACHING AND LEARNING READING IN NIGERIAN SECONDARY SCHOOLS https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/PUPIL/article/view/2358 <p><em>Teachers, especially teachers of English language face considerable challenges when teaching reading at the various school levels. Reading is the act or process of receiving and interpreting information in language via the medium of print. This paper identifies some of the challenges encountered by English teachers while instructing and facilitating the teaching and learning reading among secondary schools generally special focus on Nigeria. It highlights the multifaceted nature of the challenges, encompassing area such as diverse student intellectual abilities, insufficient cognitive engagement, language barriers. This paper review various studies on reading and in Nigerian schools, identify recurrent problems and the gaps relating to cognitive challenges. It explores potential solutions to mitigate these flaws, emphasizing the pivotal importance of tailored instructional strategies and tooling, collaborative approaches between parents/guardian and managements of school, and the integration of active technological apparatus to the system. The paper recommended that, regular workshops with a cognitive approach should be organized for all teachers of English to enable them handle reading effectively, this training will create a drive-in teacher to ensure that students under their tutelage are fluent readers. More so, in- service training should also be an integral part of continuing teacher education and teachers should be supported in order to increase their level of confidence when teaching reading. </em></p> Olufemi Stephen Idowu Ogundeko, Ibukun Raphael Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-15 2024-03-15 8 1 47 63 10.20319/pijtel.2024.81.4763 RESEARCH ON BILINGUAL EDUCATION IN TAIWAN’S HIGH SCHOOLS https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/PUPIL/article/view/2359 <p><em>This study aims to explore the current status of bilingual education implementation in high schools in Taiwan. This study formulated interview topics based on different aspects of bilingual education and interviewed six relevant personnel through the literature analysis and qualitative in high schools. It included principals, teachers and students in order to understand the impact of bilingualism on the influencing factors and implementation difficulties. The conclusions drawn are as follows: First. Bilingual education policies and supporting measures will affect the progress and implementation effectiveness of bilingual education. second. It is helpful for schools to set clear bilingual education goals. third. There are differences in the effectiveness of bilingual education for students in general high schools and technical high schools. Fourth. The preparation of bilingual teachers and the community are the key to the success of bilingual education. fifth. Creating an immersive learning environment can improve the effectiveness of bilingual teaching. sixth. The urban-rural gap and insufficient resources are major obstacles to promote bilingual education. seventh. If teacher spend too much time on teaching English, it will affect students ‘acquisition of professional subject knowledge. eighth. Bilingual teaching causes burden on teachers and affects their willingness to promote it. </em></p> I-Hsuan Kuo Tung-Fu Hsueh Dr. Chiu-Cheng Kuo Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-15 2024-03-15 8 1 64 75 10.20319/pijtel.2024.81.6475 TEACHER INTERACTION FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/PUPIL/article/view/2360 <p><em>Based on Leary’s interpersonal model (Interpersonal Circumplex), Wubbels elaborated the scheme of interpersonal behavior that was completed by questionnaires (Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction (QTI)). Our research involved 110 high school students. The aim of our present research was to determine the teacher's interaction style from the high school students' perspective using the QTI measurement tool. The purpose of the research was to assess how students see the teacher's classroom activities and how the teachers see themselves, and also to see whether there is a difference between the teacher's point of view and that of the students'. The questionnaire contains 48 items. The QTI measurement tool can serve as a valuable source of information for teachers in comparing their self-assessment with the student's view, which can obviously enhance their professional development.</em></p> László Dávid Szabó Kinga Horváth Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-15 2024-03-15 8 1 76 99 10.20319/pijtel.2024.81.7699 TEACHING JAPANESE TEA CEREMONY TO CHINESE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS: DEVELOPING ENGLISH LEARNING MATERIALS https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/PUPIL/article/view/2368 <p><em>This study is a preliminary study for creating teaching materials for the development of global human resources who can communicate their own (Japanese) culture, such as the tea ceremony, to the world in English. This study aims to clarify what foreigners are interested in, what they find important, and what they would like to know more about the tea ceremony to create teaching materials reflecting foreigners’ interests and concerns. The results indicated that the participating students enjoyed hands-on activities, such as actually preparing and drinking tea and learning how to eat wagashi (traditional Japanese sweets), even in an online environment. Furthermore, some students demonstrated interest not only in hands-on experiences but also in the history of the tea ceremony, distinctions between Japanese and Chinese tea cultures, and various aspects of the tea ceremony, including tea, tea utensils, traditional clothing (kimono), and the differences among tea ceremony schools. Based on these findings, it is recommended to create educational materials for Japanese university students learning the tea ceremony in English that cover not only the fundamental etiquette of the tea ceremony, but also provide comprehensive knowledge about the broader aspects of the tea ceremony. </em></p> Junko Matsuzaki Carreira Naoko Shioda Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2024-03-15 2024-03-15 8 1 100 116 10.20319/pijtel.2024.81.100116