• MURAINA Kamilu Olanrewaju Department of Education, College of Education, ICT and Social Sciences, Legacy University, The Gambia




Vocational Counselling Strategy, Genders, Career Awareness and In-school Adolescents


This study focused on exploratory effects of vocational counselling strategy and gender on career awareness of in-school adolescents in Gombe State, Nigeria. Pretest-posttest, control group quasi-experimental design with a 2x2 factorial matrix was used in the study. Multi-stage sampling technique was used in sampling 115 participants from 3 local government areas (12 schools) in the state. The respondents were measured with validated scale of 0.85 reliability coefficient and the data obtained was analyzed using T-test statistical analysis. Two (2) research hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The results showed that there was significant difference in the career awareness of in-school adolescents exposed to vocational counselling strategy and those in the control group and there was significant difference in the career awareness of male and female in-school adolescents. In view of these findings, the study recommended that educational stakeholders should intensify their effort to organize seminars/conferences on the implications of vocational counselling strategy as effective interventions towards enhancing career awareness and that teachers should emphasis during their lesson, the career implications of subjects so that student will see how individual subjects relate to existing careers thus increasing their knowledge of occupations.


Adeyemo, D. A. (1998). Effects of didactic mode of career education and values clarification on the career-decision-making self-efficacy of secondary school students. Nigerian Journal of Applied Psychology, 4, 1, 1-15.

Cohen, R, Chartrand, K and Jowdy, N. (2005). Identity and poverty: Defining a sense of self among urban adolescents. New York: Garland Publishing

Feldman, R.S. (2000). Power Learning: Strategies for Success in College. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Kemjika, J. K. (1995). Interpersonal identity and social capital: The importance of commitment for low income, rural, African American adolescents. Journal of Black Psychology, 32(2), 219-242

Makinde, O. (1984). Fundamentals of Guidance and Counseling. London: Macmillan Education Limited.

Ogola, F.O. (2002). Fundamental Bases of Fallacies in Post Independent Kenya’s Field of Education. Journal of Education and Human Resources, 2 (1). 9-24.

Ohiwerei, J. R and Nwosu, I. J. (2009). Social status determinants of control in individual's accounts of their mental illness. Social Science and Medicine, 55, 949 - 61.

Omeje J.C (2002). Educational occupational information in counselling. A Fundamental approach, Nsukka, Chuka educational Publishers.

Owoyele, J. W and Muraina, K. O. (2015). Predictive Influence of Parental Factors on Career Choice Among School-going Adolescents in South-West, Nigeria. Academic Journal of Counselling and Educational Psychology (AJCEP), Vol. 1, No. 1, 172-184.

Patton, W. and McMahon, M. (1999). Career Development and Systems Theory: A New Relationship. California: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.

Rosenbloom, J.L., Ash, R.A., Dupont, B. and Coder, L. (2007). Why are there So Few Women in Information Technology? Assessing the Role of Personality in Career Choices. Journal of Economic Psychology, 3, 342-421

Sadker, M.P. and Sadker, D.M. (2000). Teachers, Schools, and Society. Boston: McGraw-Hill.

Vecchio, G.M., Gerbino, M., Pastorelli, C., Bove, G.D. and Caprara, G.V. (2007). Multi-faceted Self-efficacy Beliefs as Predictors of Life Satisfaction in Late Adolescence. Personality and Individual Differences, 43 1807-1818. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2007.05.018

Watkins, M.S., Kaplan, S., Brief, A.P., Shull, A., Dietz, J., Mansfield, M. and Cohen, R. (2006). Does it Pay to be a Sexist? The Relationship between Modern Sexism and Career Outcomes. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 69 524-537. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2006.07.004

Weis, S.E., Firker, A. and Hennig, J. (2007). Associations between the Second to Fourth Digit Ratio and Career Interests. Personality and Individual Differences, 485-493. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2006.12.017




How to Cite

Olanrewaju, M. K. (2018). EXPLORATORY EFFECTS OF VOCATIONAL COUNSELLING STRATEGY AND GENDER ON CAREER AWARENESS OF IN-SCHOOL ADOLESCENTS IN GOMBE STATE, NIGERIA . PUPIL: International Journal of Teaching, Education and Learning, 2(3), 89–100. https://doi.org/10.20319/pijtel.2018.23.89100