• Jeanne Lam School of Professional and Continuing Education, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong



Online Learning, PLOT Model, Educational Technology, Pedagogy


Online learning changes the ways of learning. Learning has been shifted from traditional face-to-face teacher-student knowledge transfer to online learning with diversified learning pattern. To understand the learning experiences of online learning, a qualitative study with in-depth interview was conducted. The data was analysed by developing the thematic maps for thematic analysis. The final four themes categorized were pedagogy, learning, objective and technology. With the identified themes, the learning experiences of online learning were explored. An important finding was that the role of technology became more important and the role of teacher became less prominent. With the advanced technology which enabled diversified learning in the online environment, it was inevitable that some roles of teaching have been shifted from the teacher to the system. However, the role of technology cannot be truly reflected in the current online learning models. In this paper, the importance of pedagogical-driven element is again proven. Furthermore, the element of technical-enabled is found as essential in contemporary online learning. As a result, a new online learning model, Pedagogy-driven, Learner-Centred, Objective-Oriented, Technology-Enabled (PLOT) model, was proposed, as a model for contemporary online learning.


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How to Cite

Lam, J. (2018). THE PEDAGOGY-DRIVEN, LEARNER-CENTRED, OBJECTIVE-ORIENTED AND TECHNOLOGY-ENABLE (PLOT) ONLINE LEARNING MODEL . PUPIL: International Journal of Teaching, Education and Learning, 2(2), 66–80.