• Luis Jacob Retanan University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines



Sinocentrism, Anxiety, Globalization, Nationalism


Globalization has been fueling the peaceful reemergence of China as a great power – but it is also fueling its demise as one. In presenting that thesis, this essay will look on the connection between globalization and the rising Chinese nationalism through the conceptual lens of ontological security and historical analysis of Sinocentrism. This essay aims to understand as to how globalization has become paradoxical and problematic for China’s ambitions, considering the impact and intensity of anti-Japanese nationalist protests in China last 2012. Will its peaceful rise tragically make it a threat? 


Blackwill, R., & Campbell, K. (2016). Xi Jinping on the Global Stage: Chinese Foreign Policy Under a Powerful but Exposed Leader (pp. 10-15, Rep. No. 74). New York: Council on Foreign Relations.

China FTA Network. (n.d.). Retrieved December 04, 2017, from

China's market-oriented reforms help promote global growth. (2015, August 1). Retrieved December 04, 2017, from

Chinese investment in Africa: Beijing’s testing ground. (2017). Retrieved December 04, 2017, from

Clement, N. (2014, May 27). Economic Costs of China's Anti-Japanese Sentiment. Retrieved December 04, 2017, from

Edwards, J. (2017, March 05). 500 years ago, China destroyed its world-dominating navy because its political elite was afraid of free trade. Retrieved December 04, 2017, from

Ekman, A. (2016). China's multilateralism: higher ambitions. European Union Institute for Security Studies , 1-2. doi:10.2815/337884

Forsby, A. (2011). An End to Harmony? The Rise of Sino-centric China. Political Perspectives, 5(3), 5-26. Retrieved December 4, 2017.

Frankel, J. (2016, January 25). Globalization and Chinese Growth: Ends of Trends? [Review of conference talk The Global Economy in the 21st Century].

Giddens, A. (1991). Modernity and Self-Identity: Self and Society in the Late Modern Age. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Gries, P., Steiger, D., & Wang, T. (2015). Popular Nationalism and China's Japan Policy: the Diaoyu Islands protests, 2012-2013. Journal of Contemporary China.

Huang, Y. (2013, June 06). China: The Dark Side of Growth. Retrieved December 04, 2017, from

Hughes, C. (2006). Chinese Nationalism in the global era. LSE Research Online, 1-6. Retrieved December 4, 2017.

Jacques, M. (2015, September 14). It's not the Chinese economy that's on life support | Martin Jacques. Retrieved December 04, 2017, from

Kinnvall, C. (2006). Globalization and Religious Nationalism in India: The Search for Ontological Security. New York: Routledge.

Kissinger, H. (2014). Toward an Asian Order: Confrontation or Partnership? In World Order: Reflections on the Character of Nations and the Course of History. New York: Penguin Press.

Li, J. (2014, December 05). Tough times ahead for China–Japan–South Korea joint FTA. Retrieved December 04, 2017, from

Lomas, M. (2017, April 06). Chinese Consumers Will Change the Global Economy. Retrieved December 04, 2017, from

Mitzen, J. (2006). "Ontological Security in World Politics: State Identity and Security Dilemma." European Journal of International Relations 12, no. 3, 341–370.

Navari, C. (2006). Globalization and Security: Much ado about nothing?. In Bain, W. (Ed.), The Empire of Security and the Safety of the People (pp. 116-137). New York: Routledge.

Overholt, W. (2005). China and Globalization . RAND Testimony, 1-15. Retrieved December 4, 2017.

Perry, M. (1985). A History of the World .

Prasad, E. (2017, September 01). How China Aims to Limit the West’s Global Influence. Retrieved December 04, 2017, from

Rapoza, K. (2017, January 24). Communist China Is Now The Leader Of The 'Free Trade' World. Retrieved December 04, 2017, from

Sørensen, C. (2015). The Significance of Xi Jinping’s “Chinese Dream” for Chinese Foreign Policy: From “Tao Guang Yang Hui” to “Fen Fa You Wei”. Journal of China and International Relations, 3(1), 53-73. Retrieved December 4, 2017.

Steele, B. (2008). Ontological Security in International Relations: Self-Identity and IR State. Routledge.

The "Century of Humiliation" and China's National Narratives, US-China Economic and Security Review Commission Cong., 1-10 (2011) (testimony of Alison A. Kaufman).

Xiong, H. (2017). China’s Foreign Aid and Multilateral Development Organizations. In China's Foreign Aid (pp. 49-95). Singapore: Social Sciences Press.

Xue, C. (2017, March 1). China-Japan-Korea Free Trade Agreement: A Road to Asian Economic Integration. Retrieved December 04, 2017, from

Zhao, S. (2005). Nationalism's Double Edge. Wilson Quarterly, 76-82. Retrieved December 4, 2017.




How to Cite

Retanan, L. J. (2018). THE ROAD TO POWER AND MADNESS (THE IRONIC FATE OF A GLOBALIZED CHINA?). PEOPLE: International Journal of Social Sciences, 4(2), 1277–1291.