PEOPLE: International Journal of Social Sciences https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/people <div id="focusAndScope"> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>ISSN 2454-5899</strong></p> </div> Global Research & Development Services Publishing en-US PEOPLE: International Journal of Social Sciences 2454-5899 EMOTIONAL ABUSE AS HUMAN INSECURITY: A MYTH OR REALITY? https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/people/article/view/1957 <p>The paper is focused on emotional abuse on both genders in intimate relationships as human insecurity, how it is being under-reported and perceived by many in the Nigerian society as an insignificant issue since it is not physical, and where many are advised to bear it in silence or even accused of being the cause of it most of the times. The study examines the signs, causes, and effects, which make<strong><span style="text-decoration: line-through;">s</span></strong> it a form of human insecurity. The study is anchored on Attachment Theory. Secondary data were employed in gathering information and content data analysis was used in analysing the data for the study. The paper concluded that emotional abuse is a reality that many are not accepting and that speaking out to the right people (such as talking to trusted family members, friends, associates and therapists) is the first and main strategy in which the problem can be solved.</p> Adebola Afolake Alade Modupe Oziofu Ala Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-03-15 2022-03-15 8 1 01 16 10.20319/pijss.2022.81.0116 CAPITAL STRUCTURE AND CORPORATE PERFORMANCE OF LISTED HEALTHCARE COMPANIES IN MALAYSIA https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/people/article/view/1958 <p>This study is focused on describing the dependent variable phenomenon under study which is corporate performance. The study will evaluate the influences of capital structure and the dimensions towards the corporate performance of listed healthcare companies in Malaysia. The nature of the investigation is quantitative based correlation design, and the purpose of this investigation is to determine the existence of the relationship between debt to total asset ratio, debt to total equity ratio, and long-term debt ratio of capital structure with the corporate performance of listed healthcare companies in Malaysia. This study setting is non-contrived as there are no changes made in the study setting and it is merely collecting data from secondary resources. The data will be randomly selected from the company’s annual report. The sample size of this study is 24 listed healthcare companies in Malaysia from the year 2018 to the year 2020. To determine the influences of capital structure and the relationship towards corporate performance by using appropriate statistical techniques. The findings indicated that DAR, DER, and LDR had a statistically significant linear relationship on ROE; whereas DAR, DER and LDR had no significant linear relationship on ROA.</p> Wan Ching Lim Babak Naysary Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-03-15 2022-03-15 8 1 17 35 10.20319/pijss.2022.81.1735 THE IMAGE OF THE MOTHERLAND IN THE POETRY OF FARIZA ONGARSYNOVA https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/people/article/view/1960 <p>The article examines the image of the Motherland in the poetry of the Kazakh famous poetess Fariza Ongarsynova. Here is revealed the connection of poetess’s poems with folklore works. It is argued that Mangystau, the poetess’s small homeland, is the source of her poetic inspiration. The idea is substantiated that the image of a small homeland occupies a special place in the work of the Kazakh poetess. It is also noted that the lyrical hero of the poetess's works feels like a part of his native land, its nature and destiny. Thanks to the study of the characteristic poetic feature of Fariza Ongarsynova, it is possible to recognize her poetic skill. Artistic individuality, ideological and thematic themes of poetry, contribution to the national artistic tradition, the corresponding place and figurative character occupied in modern Kazakh poetry will be studied.</p> N S Kamarova Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-03-15 2022-03-15 8 1 36 46 10.20319/pijss.2022.81.3646 THE IMPACT OF ORGANIZATIONAL RESOURCES ON CUSTOMERS SATISFACTION https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/people/article/view/1961 <p>This study examines how organizational resources and competencies endow the competitive advantage. Often organizations align resources and capabilities to achieve their goal. Drawing on a resource-based view, we come to identify key resources that help the organization execute its business strategy and capture customer satisfaction. In four separate surveys, we firstly identify resources to execute a business plan. We examine those resources in a more elaborate survey to capture the most valuable resources. Further, customers’ satisfaction is also surveyed. Results show that at first customers value organizational resources. Second, when human resources are much clear, customers tend to favour human resources over organizational and physical resources. The implication of this discovery for the organization is also discussed.</p> M Sebastian Bakatubia Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-03-15 2022-03-15 8 1 47 59 10.20319/pijss.2022.81.4759 TASTE MY TEARS https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/people/article/view/1969 <p>The poem focuses on the pains of the heart and the tragedy an orphaned soul would feel. It aims to put the feelings into words to give a voice to emotions and to the people who suffer from similar problems but are unable to voice them. The methodologies used are not many and are primarily related to poetry and rhyme scheme. The poet moves on to describe how his soul is orphaned. Alone in this world, the soul is without a guide to ease his passage and lead one to his or her lover. In his tears, his final hopes remain that she will be able to share his fantasies and love with him by tasting them and feeling the embrace and kiss that he sent her, along with the emotions he sustained inside his salty droplets. That kiss is the same one that concealed his desolation and sins for far too long, and that kept those aching distresses that plagued his heart invisible to the people around him for inside, hope remained that he shall find a way to reach his lover and lay his eyes upon her—concluding that love reigns above all.</p> Samer Ratib Zeidan Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-03-16 2022-03-16 8 1 60 63 10.20319/pijss.2022.73.6063 THE SEMIOTIC ANALYSIS OF POSTERS AGAINST DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN JORDAN https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/people/article/view/1971 <p>This paper aims to define the role of the communication posters designed by feminist protesters in expressing the rejection of domestic violence against women in Jordan, since few studies address such topics. In response to a notorious incident in 2019 where a suburban woman in Jordan was physically abused by her husband in front of her children, Jordanian feminists staged a protest march in the heart of the capital city, Amman. The victim became permanently disabled due to this violence. Several female protesters joined the demonstration, carrying reflective visual and verbal posters to show their empathy towards the victim and repudiation of the victimization. Moreover, these posters have been circulated via Twitter, with users writing empathic comments on the images and using several hashtags such as #Jerash Crime and #Enough, which prove that these posters are effective in vindicating women's rights, besides claiming security and protection against violence. The research methodology involved conducting a semiotic analysis on the most explicit posters raised during the march and distributed via Twitter to show condemnation of the brutal physical violence against the Jordanian victim.</p> Rasha Salhab Altamimi Copyright (c) 2022 Rasha Salhab Altamimi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-03-24 2022-03-24 8 1 64 82 10.20319/pijss.2022.81.6482 STRATEGIES IN READING ONLINE TEXTS BY THAI UNIVERSITY STUDENTS https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/people/article/view/1982 <p>This present study aimed to scrutinize students’ use of reading strategies and to explore their reading strategy use according to their enjoyment of English learning.&nbsp; Mokhtari and Reichard’s (2002) reading strategies questionnaire was adapted and used to collect data from 112 undergraduates (freshmen, sophomores, and juniors) in the academic year 2021. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and the Chi-square tests were used to analyze data. Findings showed that students’ enjoyment of English learning affected their reading strategy use. Learners who enjoyed learning English used more reading strategies than those who had less enjoyment of English learning. It was also found that among the strategies used, Problem-solving strategies (PROB) were most frequently used followed by Support strategies (SUP) and Global reading strategies (GLOB). At the individual level of reading strategy use, students who enjoyed learning English tended to use more strategies than those who enjoyed it less.</p> Parichart Toomnan Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-04-12 2022-04-12 8 1 83 101 10.20319/pijss.2022.81.83101 VS SYNTACTIC CONFIGURATIONS IN ROMANCE ADVERBIAL CLAUSES https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/people/article/view/1983 <p>Based on an original corpus, and also on the important contributions of Haegeman 2012, Pană Dindelegan &amp; Maiden 2013, and Lahousse 2010, I intend to demonstrate in this article that there are specific factors that influence the VS syntactic configurations of Romance languages (Romanian, Italian, and French), and these factors are directly connected to the internal information structure. From a methodological point of view, this is an empirical study, combining comparative and corpus analyses, qualitative and quantitative observations, and using the instruments of Morphosyntax and Pragmatics. In the end, the results of the analysis highlight the idea that both information structure and the “pro-drop” feature have a big impact on the word order of the constituents, generating a significant discrepancy between Romanian and Italian, on the one hand, and French, on the other hand.</p> Alice Magdalena Bodoc Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-04-12 2022-04-12 8 1 102 120 10.20319/pijss.2022.81.102120 FAKE NEWS VERSUS CORPORATE REPUTATION: TECHNIQUES TO PROTECT BRANDS https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/people/article/view/1984 <p>This paper aims to investigate how companies can protect their reputation against fake news, also giving some examples. The literature indicates that not only can individual companies or brands be victims of fake news, but also - and perhaps more frequently - entire industries. The pharmaceutical industry illustrates this as it was already the subject of conspiracy theories, which then exploded during the Covid-19 pandemic. The literature seems to suggest two basic points. The first one is that fake news, including deep fakes, is a serious threat to corporate reputation and entire industrial sectors, as it is capable of inflicting considerable damage, including financial. However, companies are making constant progress in developing and refining techniques to monitor and combat fake news. From this point of view, it is also noted that if technology can help on the one hand to create misinformation, on the other hand, it is valid to support the fight against fake news. It can also be seen that single companies are usually more capable of reacting than industrial sectors, like pharmaceuticals which have been attacked by fake news and conspiracy theories for a long time.</p> Roberto Adriani Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-04-12 2022-04-12 8 1 121 137 10.20319/pijss.2022.81.121137 DOES PSYCHOLOGICAL OWNERSHIP AFFECT GREEN ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR? https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/people/article/view/1990 <p>This paper explores the impact of psychological ownership in an organizational plane on green organizational behavior, which plays a significant role in creating a sustainable environment and helps mitigate ecological issues of the world. The present study aims at being fulfilled the research gap by exploring the impact of psychological ownership on green organizational behavior. To this end, the data was collected from 237 employees working at one of the leading fastener manufacturers in Turkey by using the convenience sampling method. The data obtained from the questionnaire has been analyzed via “SPSS 26.0”. Our findings suggest that psychological ownership has a statistically significant impact on green organizational behavior and contributes to theoretical and practical implications.</p> Onur Basar Ozbozkurt Mehmet Ince Fatma Yesilkus Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-04-21 2022-04-21 8 1 138 157 10.20319/pijss.2022.81.138157 CULTURAL CONSTRUCT AND IDENTITY IN THE SELECTED WORKS OF THREE FEMALE DIASPORIC AUTHORS https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/people/article/view/1991 <p>The primary concern of this paper is to engage in a critical inquiry on the issue of identity in the literature of the diaspora by three selected writers Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni, Jhumpa Lahiri, and Bharati Mukherjee. An identity crisis is not a product of any singular circumstance or reason. There can be multiple factors contributing to the crisis of identity in an individual. It is important to note here that not only the source but also the manifestation of the crisis is varied, in the sense that individuals differ in their ways of internalizing, as also, externalizing, the emotions attached to his/her identity- as a man/woman; as a citizen; as a professional; as a part of the system of beings, etc. My concern, however, is with the loss of identity as a consequence of the loss of culture. I propose that settlements in foreign lands (away from one's birthplace/ native land) are bound to breed a sense of identity loss since there has been, willy-nilly, a loss of cultural identity while trying to fit in into a new land/social surrounding—and the culture thereof.</p> Devina Badhwar Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-04-21 2022-04-21 8 1 158 171 10.20319/pijss.2022.81.158171 URBAN AND RURAL EPIPHANIES: RECAPTURING NATURE WITHIN A RUS IN URBE SETTING https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/people/article/view/1994 <p>The contemplation of cityscapes often leads to poetic mirages of the urban oasis: a place that is constructed as a bricolage of the poet’s experience within a rural setting. The poet as a castaway from the safe country landmarks of their poetic material becomes aware of new creative potencies. This paper considers John Archer’s ideas on the rus in urbe phenomenon about its manifestation in the poems of Patrick Kavanagh and Dimcho Debelyanov. The analysis of several poems follows the recaptured texture of the rural within the urban as a form of epiphany, where the poet reaches beyond the established tropes of longing for the lost countryside of the past and settles into a world of pristine contemplation of the present. The synthesized experience of the rus in the urbe setting lends a new perspective on a poetic past and offers a re-evaluation of the image and conceptualization of the city and its attributes.</p> Zornitsa Lachezarova Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-04-22 2022-04-22 8 1 172 184 10.20319/pijss.2022.81.172184 PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING AND SMARTPHONE USE AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/people/article/view/953 <p>People’s overdependence on smartphones has led them to an abundance of psychological well-being issues. Various literature has examined the association between smartphone use, addictive behaviours, and mental well-being. To develop a deeper understanding of the correlation among these factors, the current study aims to find the psychological impact on smartphone use. Smartphone use and psychological well-being, specifically on how adolescents’ media use has led them to mental health issues such as addiction, depression, anxiety, sleep problems, and the fear of missing out (FoMO). The results supported hypotheses 1, 2, and 3, smartphone addiction correlates with anxiety, depression, and FoMO; however, the results of the study do not support hypothesis 4, in which there is no correlation between smartphone addiction and sleep issues. In conclusion, smartphone overuse and addiction may subsequently affect an adolescent’s mental well-being.</p> Selina Zheng Copyright (c) 2018 Authors http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2022-05-10 2022-05-10 8 1 199 212 10.20319/pijss.2022.81.199212 CINEMATIC REPRESENTATIONS OF INTERRACIAL MARRIAGE THROUGH THE LENS OF SOCIOLOGICAL THEORY https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/people/article/view/1999 <p>The Birth of a Nation (1915) was the first feature-length film to focus on the topic of interracial marriage. Its strong anti-miscegenation message and racial stereotypes set the stage for Hollywood depictions of race relations for decades. This anti-miscegenation theme was challenged in 1967 with the release of Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner. The purpose of this research is to analyze these two landmark films through the lens of sociological theory using the comparative case study method. &nbsp;Drawing primarily from the theoretical insights of paternalistic and competitive race relations theory allows us to interpret the films in their socio-historical contexts. The findings of this sociological reading alert us to the difficulties of the film industry in transcending its problematic lens on race relations.</p> Mark Beeman Copyright (c) 2022 Mark Beeman https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-05-04 2022-05-04 8 1 185 198 10.20319/pijss.2022.81.185198 HOW RETURNS OF METAVERSE TOKENS ARE INTERRELATED? https://grdspublishing.org/index.php/people/article/view/2016 <p>Metaverse tokens belong to a virtual world that has recently emerged and their growth potential is of interest to numerous parties. Theoretically, the number of ecosystems may increase infinitely. However, strong financing and technological backing are required for the survival of the projects. Thus, various factors may influence these tokens’ returns. How these tokens’ returns are affected by each other is analyzed via a multi-regression model. ENJIN returns are found to be the sole factor in MANA returns for our sample (99%). The remaining results of the study indicate that returns of metaverse tokens are interrelated when everything else is held constant and trading volumes have an impact on these returns. The future for these ecosystems may depend on various factors and they are discussed in the light of literature as well.</p> Sitki Sonmezer Gulsah Gencer Celik Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-06-01 2022-06-01 8 1 213 223 10.20319/pijss.2022.81.213223