MODEL OF MAIZE COOPERATIVE INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN MUNA REGENCY, INDONESIAN
Keywords:Maize, Institutional, Agribusiness, Cooperative, and Economy
This study aims to determine the role of agribusiness of Baan-2 varieties of corn and its development model in Muna Regency. This research was conducted on April 2017 until June 2017. The research location was chosen in Kecamatan Kabangka because it was the production center of Bisi-2 varieties of corn in Muna Regency. Data analysis used in this research is descriptive qualitative analysis. The results showed the role of corn agribusiness varieties of Bisi-2 determine the economic value of maize in Muna Regency. The main actor of corn agribusiness institute is a business institution providing corn production facilities which are played by farmers' kiosks, farming institutions which are played by corn farmers, processing and marketing institutions played by village collectors and sub-district collectors. While the role of institutional supporter of corn agribusiness is Government (agriculture and extension agency) and financial institution (Gapoktan, Cooperative, and LEM). Institutional agribusiness of maize in Kecamatan Kabangka not yet run integrated, but still run independently, so can not give increase of income and prosperity of farmer. Increased production and economic value of corn that can prosper farmers can be pursued through the establishment of institutional model of corn-based agribusiness cooperatives. The cooperative is established from the district level to the village level by integrating corn farmers into the cooperative with the business activities of the providers of production facilities, the activities of corn farming, the processing and marketing activities of corn, and the business of corn farming business. Cooperatives are integrated in partnership with maize farmer groups, BULOG, banking, extension agencies, agricultural insurance agencies, and research and development institutions.
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