Received: 02nd May 2022; Revised: 13th June 2022, 28th June 2022; Accepted: 29th June 2022


  • T.C. Chineke PhD, Department of Physics, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria
  • J.O. Ozuomba PhD, Department of Physics, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria
  • M.C. Anumaka PhD, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Imo State University, Owerri Nigeria
  • J.C. Ojiaka PhD, Faculty of Law, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria
  • O.C. Akwuegbu M.Sc, Department of Physics, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike Nigeria



Renewable Energy, Solar Electricity potential, Laws, PVGIS, Nigeria


Renewable energy has been highlighted not only as a means of satisfying the energy needs of Nigerians but also as a tool for the country's growth, thereby improving the income of the citizens who have more energy to work with, serving as the energy source for domestic and office use, in addition to reducing the carbon footprint from the conventional fossil fuels. From data obtained from the Photovoltaic Geographic Information System (PVGIS), the solar electricity potential at some selected cities in Southern Nigeria that ranges from 4.5 to 6.5 kWh/m2 has been presented as a tool, which when properly harnessed, can be used to mitigate avoidable energy-related “national disasters” such as unemployment and youth-restiveness, thereby accelerating Nigeria’s development. There is the urgent need to revise and effectively implement helpful laws and policies that support the addition of renewable energy sources for electricity generation. Lack of a coherent legal framework with incentives for the utilization of renewable energy is among the key factors causing poor utilization of renewable energy in Nigeria. Governmental and stakeholder collaboration is highly necessary for developing countries to robustly track renewable electricity adoption via laws aimed at boosting its adoption.


Abdullahi, D., Suresh, S., Renukappa, S. & Oloke, D. (2017). Key Barriers to the Implementation of Solar Energy in Nigeria: A Critical Analysis. IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 83 012015

Akinbami, J. K. (2001). Renewable Energy Resources and Technologies in Nigeria: Pre-sent Situation, Future Prospects, and Policy Framework. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 6, 155–181.

Adamu, A. (2012). What is the potential of Renewable Energy Sources in addressing Security of Energy Supply concern? The case of Nigeria. International Journal of Marketing and Technology (IJMT), 2(10), 62-77.

Afandi, M., & Chandrarini, D. D. (2015). Optimization of solar energy utilization using concentrated solar hybrid energy harvester (CSHEH) based on smart solar panel and concentrated thermoelectric generator. Matter: International Journal of Science and Technology, 1(1), 64–75.

Akinboro, F. G., Adejumobi, L. A., & Makinde, V. (2012). Solar energy installation in Nigeria: Observations, prospect, problems, and solution. Transnational Journal of Science and Technology, 2(4), 73–84.

Aliyu, A. S., Dada, J. O., & Adam, I. K. (2015). Current status and future prospects of renewable energy in Nigeria. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 48, 336-346.

Bhattacharyya, S. C. (2012). Energy access programmes and sustainable development: A critical review and analysis. Energy for sustainable development, 16(3), 260-271.

Chineke, T.C. & Ezike, F.M. (2010). Political will and collaboration for electric power reform through renewable energy in Africa. Energy Policy. 38(1), 678-684.

Chineke, T.C. (2018). Energy poverty in the midst of plentiful resources: how to rescue? 21st Inaugural lecture, Imo State University, Owerri, 30 August 2018. Imo State University press.

Daning Hao, Lingfei Qi, Alaeldin M. Tairab, Ammar Ahmed, Ali Azam, Dabing Luo, Yajia Pan, Zutao Zhang, Jinyue Yan. (2022). Solar energy harvesting technologies for PV self-powered applications: A comprehensive review, Renewable Energy, 188, 678-697.

Dike VN, Opara-Nestor CA, Amaechi JN, Dike DO, Chineke TC (2017) Solar PV System Utilization in Nigeria: Failures and Possible Solutions. Pacific Journal of Science and Technology, 18(1), 51–61.

Ejiogu, A. R. (2013). A nuclear Nigeria: How feasible is it? Energy Strategy Reviews, 1(4), 261-265.

Ghosal, M. K., Sethi, A., &Behera, D. (2020). Performance of Solar Photovoltaic Module through Combined Air and Water Cooling in Warm and Humid Climatic Condition of India. MATTER: International Journal of Science and Technology, 6(1), 15-25.

Haider, H. (2019). Climate change in Nigeria: Impacts and responses. K4D Helpdesk Report 675. Brighton, UK: Institute of Development Studies.

Huld, T., Müller, R. & Gambardella, A. (2012). A new solar radiation database for estimating PV performance in Europe and Africa. Solar Energy 86, 1803-1815.

Ismail O., O. Ajide and F. Akingbesote (2012). Performance Assessment of Installed Solar PV System: A Case Study of Oke-Agunla in Nigeria. Engineering, 4(8), 453-458.

Kamil K. (2012). Energy for Sustainable Development: A Case of Developing Countries. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16, 1116.

Ladan, M.T. (2018) . Achieving Sustainable Development Goals through Effective Domestic Laws and Policies on the Environment and Climate Change. Environmental Policy and Law, 48(1), 42–63.

Lowitzsch, J., Hoicka, C. E., & Van Tulder, F. J. (2020). Renewable energy communities under the 2019 European Clean Energy Package–Governance model for the energy clusters of the future? Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 122, 109489.

Lyden, A., Pepper, R. and, Tuohy, P.G. (2018). A modelling tool selection process for planning of community scale energy systems including storage and demand side management, Sustainable Cities and Society, 39, 674-688.

Moussa P. B & Cosgrove-Davies, M. (2019). “Electricity Access in Sub-Sahara Africa: Taking Stock and Looking Forward,” in Electricity Access in Sub-Sahara Africa: Uptake, Reliability, and Complementary Factors for Economic Impact (World Bank, Washington DC, 2019) Chapter 1, p. 11

Nene, S. & Nagy, H. (2021) Legal Regulations and Policy Barriers to Development of Renewable Energy Sources in South Africa,

Ogbeidi, M. M. (2012). Political leadership and corruption in Nigeria since 1960: A socio-economic analysis. Journal of Nigeria studies, 1(2).

Ohunakin, O. S., Adaramola, M. S., Oyewola, O. M., & Fagbenle, R. O. (2014). Solar energy applications and development in Nigeria: Drivers and barriers. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 32, 294–301.

Oke, Y. (2020). Energy Law Nigeria. IEL Energy Law, pp.1–216 Kluwer Law International BV, Netherlands.

Okoro, U.K., Chineke, T.C. (2021). Whistleblowing on photovoltaic operations in Nigeria: panacea for sustainable development. Bull Natl Res Cent 45, 140.

Olatomiwa, L., Mekhilef, S., Huda, A. S. N., & Ohunakin, O. S. (2015). Economic evaluation of hybrid energy systems for rural electrification in six geo-political zones of Nigeria. Renewable Energy, 83, 435-446.

Omorogbe, Yinka, “The Role of Law in Promoting Renewable Energies in Africa”, in Perspectives on Energy Security and Renewable Energies in Sub-Saharan Africa: Practical Opportunities and Regulatory Challenges ed. Ruppel, O. C. and Althusmann, B. (Macmillan Education, 2016), p. 221

Oseni M.O. 2012 Improving households' access to electricity and energy consumption pattern in Nigeria: Renewable energy alternative Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 16, 3967-3974

Oyedepo, S. O. (2012). Energy and sustainable development in Nigeria: the way forward. Energy, Sustainability and Society, 2(1), 1-17.

Ozuomba, J. O.,Okoli, L. U.& Ekpunobi, A. J. (2013). The performance and stability of anthocyanin local dye as a photosensitizer for DSSCs. Advances in Applied Science Research, 4(2), 60-69.

Psomopoulos C.S. (2013) Solar Energy: Harvesting the Sun’s Energy for Sustainable Future. In: Kauffman J., Lee KM. (eds) Handbook of Sustainable Engineering. Springer, Dordrecht.

Sambo, A. S. (2009). Strategic developments in renewable energy in Nigeria. International Association for Energy Economics, 16(3), 15-19.

Simbolon, L., P. (2015). Potential Human Sewage into Renewable Energy and Organic Fertilizer Plants in Society. MATTER: International Journal of Science and Technology, 1(1), 169-181.

Soares, P. M. M., Brito, M. C., & Careto, J. A. M. (2019). Persistence of the high solar potential in Africa in a changing climate. Environmental Research Letters, 14(12), 124036.

Sukumar, N., & Balakrishnan, S. (2016). A simple concept of energy harvesting using radio frequency. Matter: International Journal of Science and Technology, 2(2), 19–31.

Szabó, S., Bódis, K., Huld, T. & Moner-Girona, M. (2013). Sustainable energy planning: Leapfrogging the energy poverty gap in Africa. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 28, 500-509.

Usman, Z. G., Abbasoglu, S., Ersoy, N. T., & Fahrioglu, M. (2015). Transforming the Nigerian power sector for sustainable development. Energy Policy, 87, 429–437.

Weißbach, D., Ruprecht, G., Huke, A., Czerski, K., Gottlieb, S., & Hussein, A. (2013). Energy intensities, EROIs (energy returned on invested), and energy payback times of electricity generating power plants. Energy, 52, 210-221.

Yusuf. N. Chanchangi, Y.N., Adu1, F., Ghosh1, A., Sundaram, S. and Mallick, T.K., (2022). Nigeria’s energy review: Focusing on solar energy potential and penetration. Environment, Development and Sustainability.




How to Cite

Chineke, T. C., Ozuomba, J. O., Anumaka, M. C., Ojiaka, J. C., & Akwuegbu, O. C. (2022). BOOSTING THE HARVESTING OF NIGERIA’S ABUNDANT RENEWABLE ENERGY POTENTIALS AND LEGAL IMPLICATIONS: Received: 02nd May 2022; Revised: 13th June 2022, 28th June 2022; Accepted: 29th June 2022 . MATTER: International Journal of Science and Technology, 8(2), 18–33.