MAPPING OF VEHICLE EMISSIONS IN ZONGULDAK PROVINCE
Keywords:Air Pollution, Traffic, ArcGIS, Vehicle Emission, Traffic Volumes, Tier 1, Air Pollution Mapping
Increase in the rate of individual vehicle use and decrease in the usage habits of public transportation results in significant increase in traffic-related emissions. One of the most important factor among these is the number of vehicles that increases day by day especially in developing countries. In Zonguldak, the number of vehicles have also increased by 21% in the last five years. For that reason we focused on to determine the effects of urban transportation on air quality in the city center of Zonguldak/Turkey. The main objective of the study was to determine pollutant emissions in different parts of a highway and present it on emission maps. In this context, hourly vehicle counts were conducted at Zonguldak D010 highway in four zones in the coastal area. In addition, speed counts were carried out in the same zones. Emissions were calculated by the obtained data and IPCC guidance was used for these calculations. The IPCC guidelines include main headings such as energy, industrial processes, agriculture and waste. In this study, emission related data under the head of “energy” were used. Emission intensity maps for Zonguldak province were established by using the obtained values. The results of the study show that fuel consumption was the highest between 08:00 and 09:00 a.m. It decreases between 12:00 and 13:00 at noon and then tends to increase again between 18:00 and 19:00 p.m. Pollutant emissions were also higher in the morning and evening hours, depending on fuel consumption. In this study only the main arterial road was selected as study area. In future studies, by choosing whole road segments, the study area can be expanded and more accurate and reliable results can be obtained.
Azhari, A., Latif, M. T., & Mohamed, A. F. (2018). Road traffic as an air pollutant contributor within an industrial park environment. Atmospheric Pollution Research. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apr.2018.01.007
Colls, J. (2003). Air Pollution. USA: Taylor & Francis Group.
EEA. (19/02/2017). Emission Factor Database.
Kumar, N., Soni, S. L., Sharma, D., & Srivastava, A. K. (2016). Performance Evaluation And Emission Analysis Of Variable Compression Ratio Direct Injection Diesel Engine. MATTER: International Journal of Science and Technology, 2(2), 32-47.
McDonald, B. C., McBride, Z. C., Martin, E. W., & Harley, R. A. (2014). High‐resolution mapping of motor vehicle carbon dioxide emissions. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 119(9), 5283-5298. https://doi.org/10.1002/2013JD021219
Namdeo, A., Mitchell, G., & Dixon, R. (2002). TEMMS: an integrated package for modelling and mapping urban traffic emissions and air quality. Environmental Modelling & Software, 17(2), 177-188. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1364-8152(01)00063-9
Özgür, T., Tosun, E., Özgür, C., Tüccar, G., & Aydın, K. (2017). Performance, Emission And Efficiency Analysis Of A Diesel Engine Operated With Diesel And Dieselethanol (E20) Blend. MATTER: International Journal of Science and Technology, 3(2), 51-61.
Requia, W. J., Roig, H. L., Koutrakis, P., & Adams, M. D. (2017). Modeling spatial patterns of traffic emissions across 5570 municipal districts in Brazil. Journal of Cleaner Production, 148, 845-853. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.02.010
Singh, A., Gangopadhyay, S., Nanda, P. K., Bhattacharya, S., Sharma, C., & Bhan, C. (2008). Trends of greenhouse gas emissions from the road transport sector in India. Science of The Total Environment, 390(1), 124-131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.09.027
Soylu, S. (2007). Estimation of Turkish road transport emissions. Energy Policy, 35(8), 4088-4094. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2007.02.015
Sun, D., Zhang, Y., Xue, R., & Zhang, Y. (2017). Modeling carbon emissions from urban traffic system using mobile monitoring. Science of The Total Environment, 599-600, 944-951. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.04.186
TUIK. (2017). Motorlu Kara Taşıtları, Ocak 2016. Retrieved April 2017, from http://www.tuik.gov.tr/PreHaberBultenleri.do?id=21601
USEPA. (2017). Retrieved 02.05.2017, 2017, from https://www.epa.gov/ghgemissions/sources-greenhouse-gas-emissions
Waked, A., & Afif, C. (2012). Emissions of air pollutants from road transport in Lebanon and other countries in the Middle East region. Atmospheric Environment, 61, 446-452. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.07.064
Yanarocak, K. R. (2007). Marmaray Projesinin Karayolu Ulaşımından Kaynaklanan Sera Gazı Emisyonlarına Etkisi. İstanbul Technical University, İstanbul.
How to Cite
Copyright of Published Articles
Author(s) retain the article copyright and publishing rights without any restrictions.
All published work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.