THE DETERMINANT OF SMOKING CESSATION BEHAVIOR AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN: SYSTEMATIC REVIEW
Keywords:Smoking Cessation, Pregnancy, Tobacco Use Cessation
Smoking among women is one of particular concern for the maternal and child health community due to the strong association between prenatal smoking and adverse birth outcomes. Pregnancy is perceived to be a unique reason for smoking cessation, as a motivation to care the unborn fetus. This study aimed to find out the determinants of smoking cessation among pregnant women. Method that we use in this study is systematic review. We identified relevant studies by searching on science database online through SAGE journals, Proquest, Scopus, Emerald, JSTOR, and Spingerlink. Journals were screened by title and abstract according to the research topic then filtered using the criteria exclusion and inclusion. And then we do critical appraisal. The results of the four studies reviewed were found that the determinant of smoking cessation are parity, level of education, socioeconomic status, household SHS exposure, smoking habits of both parents, partner smoking status, psychological factors, antenatal care, intervention for health care provider, age smoking duration. The factor most strongly associated with smoking cessation is Husband’s Smoking Behavior (OR 0.98; Cl 0.97–0.99). The results of this study are expected to give advice for develop future smoking cessation and relapse prevention programs.
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