• Rangga Pusmaika Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia, Indonesia
  • Lidya Latifah Novianti Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia, Indonesia



Adolecent Sexual Behavior, Peer Education, Reproductive Health


The findings of various studies recommend one of the key actions to improve reproductive health is the empowerment of adolescents through educational programs. But there hasn't been a lot of research that shows this quite clearly. The purpose of this review is to positively impact school-based peer education program for adolescent sexual behavior. The method used is the search through databases such as ProQuest, Scopus, through from SpringerLink, ScinceDirect, and JSTOR using keywords. From the results of screening, 7 studies that meet the criteria has been found. The results of the majority review showed that school-based peer education program towards teenagers sexual behavior has showed positive impact. However, although the uniformity of design study has been applied, the number of samples and duration of intervention allows the occurrence of differences result from the study. 


Adeleye, A. A., Oluwatosin Adediran, A., Asekun-Olarinmoye, E. O., Olugbemiga Lanre, A., Adenike Iyanuoluwa, O.-B., & Sabageh, A. O. (2014). Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Peer Education in Improving HIV Knowledge, Attitude, and Sexual Behaviours among In-School Adolescents in Osun State, Nigeria. AIDS Research and Treatment. doi:

Ayalew, M., Mengistie, B., & Semahegn, A. (2014). Adolescent - parent communication on sexual and reproductive health issues among high school students in Dire Dawa, Eastern Ethiopia: a cross sectional study. Reproductive Health, 11(1), 1-8. doi: 10.1186/1742- 4755-11-77

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De Lijster, G. P. A., Felten, H., Kok, G., & Kocken, P. L. (2016). Effects of an Interactive School-Based Program for Preventing Adolescent Sexual Harassment: A Cluster- Randomized Controlled Evaluation Study. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 45(5), 874-886. doi: 10.1007/s10964-016-0471-9

Demissie Z, B. N., McManus T, Shanklin SL, Hawkins J, Kann L. (2013). School Health Profiles 2012: Characteristics of Health Programs Among Secondary. Atlanta: U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Denison, J. A., Tsui, S., Bratt, J., Torpey, K., Weaver, M. A., & Kabaso, M. (2012). Do peer educators make a difference? An evaluation of a youth-led HIV prevention model in Zambian Schools. Health Education Research, 27(2), 237-247. doi: 10.1093/her/cyr093

Devi, M. S., & Jaya, S. (2013). Sexual and reproductive health education for adolescents: Need of the hour. Indian Journal of Health and Wellbeing, 4(1), 87-90.

Jackson, D. D. (2014). The development, implementation, and testing of an interactive sexual health web-based application intervention to reduce sexual risk behaviors among college students. (3634848 Ph.D.), University of South Carolina, Ann Arbor. Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global database.

Jennings, J. M., Howard, S., & Perotte, C. L. (2014). Effects of a school-based sexuality education program on peer educators: The Teen PEP model. Health Education Research, 29(2), 319-329. doi: 10.1093/her/cyt153

Jones, A. C. (2012). Exploring Ugandan secondary school students' sexual health education needs and developing school-based sexual health interventions through participatory action research. (MR90465 M.S.), University of Alberta (Canada), Ann Arbor. Retrieved from

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Kennedy, E. C., Bulu, S., Harris, J., Humphreys, D., Malverus, J., & Gray, N. J. (2014). "These issues aren't talked about at home": a qualitative study of the sexual and reproductive health information preferences of adolescents in Vanuatu. BMC Public Health, 14, 770. doi:

Kovarik, A. J. (2012). Implementing sustainable safer sex education on a college campus. (3683175 D.N.P.), State University of New York at Binghamton, Ann Arbor. Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global database.

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Long, L., Yuan, T., Wang, M., Xu, C., Yin, J., Xiong, C., . . . Nie, S. (2012). Factors Associated with Condom Use among Male College Students in Wuhan, China. PLoS One, 7(12). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0051782

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Madnick, B. F. (2015). Using the transtheoretical model to evaluate the effectiveness of peer health education and sexual health. (1591504 M.P.H.), San Diego State University, Ann Arbor. Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global database.

Mahat, G., Scoloveno, M. A., & Scoloveno, R. (2016). HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Self-Efficacy for Limiting Sexual Risk Behavior and Parental Monitoring. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 31(1), e63-e69. doi: 10.1016/j.pedn.2015.06.015

Marques, M., & Ressa, N. (2013). The Sexuality Education Initiative: a programme involving teenagers, schools, parents and sexual health services in Los Angeles, CA, USA. Reproductive Health Matters, 21(41), 124-135. doi: 8080(13)41702-0

Menna, T., Ali, A., & Worku, A. (2015). Effects of peer education intervention on HIV/AIDS related sexual behaviors of secondary school students in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a quasiexperimental study. Reproductive Health, 12(1), 1-8. doi: 10.1186/s12978-015-0077-9

Michielsen, K., Beauclair, R., Delva, W., Roelens, K., Van Rossem, R., & Temmerman, M. (2012). Effectiveness of a peer-led HIV prevention intervention in secondary schools in Rwanda: results from a non-randomized controlled trial. BMC Public Health, 12, 729. doi:

Morales, A., Espada, J. P., Orgilés, M., Secades-Villa, R., & Remor, E. (2014). The shortterm impact of peers as co-facilitators of an HIV prevention programme for adolescents: A cluster randomised controlled trial. European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care, 19(5), 379-391. doi: 10.3109/13625187.2014.919445

Odundo, P. A., Anjuri, D., & Odhiambo, T. Impact of peer education on HIV/AIDS behaviour change among secondary school youths: a static group comparison analysis of a peer education project in Rachuonyo County, Kenya. The Lancet, 381, Supplement 2, S101. doi:

Qiao, S. (2012). Evaluation of an HIV peer education program among Yi minority youth inChina. (3524847 Ph.D.), The Johns Hopkins University, Ann Arbor. Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global database.

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How to Cite

Pusmaika, R., & Novianti, L. L. (2017). THE POSITIVE IMPACT OF SCHOOL-BASED PEER EDUCATION PROGRAM TOWARDS ADOLESCENT SEXUAL BEHAVIOR: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW. LIFE: International Journal of Health and Life-Sciences, 3(1), 69–81.