• Khaula Sahida Nursing Science, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java, Indonesia
  • Allenidekania Pediatric Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java, Indonesia



Autism Spectrum Disorders, ASD, Child Care, Acceptance, Rejection, Parents


The presence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) children in the family affect the parental acceptance and rejection of a child's condition which involves a psychological response at every process. This study aims to determine the correlation between parent and children characteristics with parental rejection level of children with ASD. Cross-sectional analytic was performed in this study. The variable was categorical and numerical. The participant of this study were sixty one parents of ASD children in South Jakarta that recruited by cluster random sampling. This study used parental acceptance-rejection questionnaire which adapted from Parent Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (PARQ) and modified by researcher. Bivariate analysis showed that there was no significant correlation between parent gender (p=-0145; r=0,264), parent age (p=-0,104; r=0,425), parent ethnic (p=-0,123; r=0,345), parent religion (p=-0,072; r=0,345), parent occupation (p=0,138; r=0,285), parent income (p=0,010; r=0,938), amount of children (p=-0,121; r=0,353), and child gender (p=-0,088; r=0,499) with parental rejection of ASD child. In contrast, there was a significant correlation between parent education level (p=0,008; r=-0,337) and child age (p=0,020; r=-0,296) with the levels of parental rejection. In conclusion, only parents educational background and child age which affects to parental rejection of ASD child condition. This result showed that it is quite important to all nurses for giving more attention to factors that may relate to parental acceptance which can be affecting to child care.


Agustikasari, D. & Prasetyaningrum, J. (2016). Penerimaan orangtua kandung pada anaknya yang penyandang autis. Retrieved from

Aylaz, R., Yilmaz, U., & Polat, S. (2012). Effect of difficulties experienced by parents of autistic children on their sexual life: A qualitative study. Sex Disability 30:395-406.

Center of Disease Control. (2014). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorder among children aged 8 years—autism and developmental disabilities monitoring network, 11 sites, United States, 2010. MMWR 2014; 63 (No. SS 2):1-21. Retrieved from

Center of Disease Control. (2015). Autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Retrieved from

Gnanasekaran, S., Choueiri, R., Neumeyer, A., Ajari, O., Shui, A., & Kuhlthau, K. (2015). Impact of employee benefits on families with children with autism spectrum disorders. Sage Journals. July 2016 vol. 20 no. 5 616-622

Karst, J. S., & Hecke, A. V. V. (2012). Parent and family impact of autism spectrum disorder: A review and proposed model for intervention evaluation. Clinical Children and Family Psychology Rev. 15:247–277.

Lai, M. C., Lombardo, M. V., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2013). Autism. Lancet 2014: 383:896-910

Lai, M. C., Lombardo, M. V., Pasco, G., Ruigrok, A. N. V., Wheelwright, S. J., Sadek, S. A., Chakrabarti, B., Consortium, MRC. AIMS., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2011). A behavioral comparison of male and female adult with high functioning autism spectrum conditions. PLoS ONE 6(6): e20835.

Lee, G. K., Lopata, C., Volker, M. A., Thomeer, M. L., Toomey, J. A., Rodgers, J. D., Smerbeck, A. M., Schiavo, A.L., & McDonal, C. A. (2012). Stres, resiliency factors, quality of life among caregivers of children with High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders (HFASDs). American Journal of Rehabilitation Counseling. Volume 18 Number I 2012 pp. 25-36.

Ministry of Health RI. (2010). Pedoman pelayanan kesehatan anak di sekolah luar biasa (SLB) bagi petugas kesehatan. Retrieved from

Ozyurek, Arzu. (2012). The effect of parental acceptance in the success of inclusion in preschool education. The International Journal of Social Science. Vol. 3 No. 1. ISSN 2305-4557

Pancawati, Ririn. (2013). Penerimaan diri dan dukungan orangtua terhadap anak autis. Retrieved from

Poslawsky, I. E., Naber, F. B. A., Daalen, E. V., & Engeland, H. V. (2014). Parental reaction to early diagnosis for their children’s autism spectrum disorder: An exploratory study. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev (2014) 45:294–305.

Potter, P. A., & Perry, A. G. (2009). Fundamentals of nursing, 7th edition. Singapore: Elsevier

Rachmayanti, S. & Zukaida, A. (2007). Gambaran penerimaan orangtua tua terhadap anak autisme serta peranannya dalam terapi autimse. Jurnal Psikologi Volume 1 No. 1, Desember 2007.

Rohner, R. P., Khaleque, A., & Cournoyer, D. A.. (2012). Introduction to parental acceptance-rejection theory, methods, evidance, and implication. Retrieved from

Rowe, M. L., Denmark, N., Harden, B. J., & Stapleton, L. M. (2015). The role of parent education and parenting knowledge in children’s language and literacy skills among white, black, and latino families. Infant and Child Development. Vol. 25: 2, pp 198-220.

Subhan, Tsara Sabira. (2011). Pengaruh dimensi-dimensi religiusitas terhadap penerimaan orangtua anak autis di Bekasi Barat. [Thesis]. UIN Syarif Hidayatullah, Jakarta

Wardhani, M. K., Rahayu, M. S., & Rosiana, D. (2012). Hubungan antara ‘personal adjustment’ dengan penerimaan terhadap anak berkebutuhan khusus pada ibu yang memiliki anak berkebutuhan khusus di RSUD X. Prosiding SnaPP2012: Sosial, Ekonomi, dan Humaniora. ISSN 2089-3590

Weiss, J. A., Cappadocia, M. C., MacMullin, J. A., Viecili, M., & Lunsky, Y. (2012). The impact of child problem behaviors of children with ASD on parent mental health: The mediating role of acceptance and empowerment. Autism. Sage Journals. February 1, 2012

World Health Organization. (2014). World report on violence and health. Retrieved from




How to Cite

Sahida, K., & Allenidekania, . (2018). PARENT-CHILD CHARACTERISTICS AND ITS CORRELATION TO PARENTAL REJECTION OF AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS CHILDREN. LIFE: International Journal of Health and Life-Sciences, 4(1), 54–64.